Spiruline : orientation bibliographique

1) Une forme de vie ancienne de 3,5 milliards d'années
1. Kavaler, Lucy. Green Magic: Algae Rediscovered. Thomas Crowell, NY, 1983, p. 99-101. 2. Kavaler, p. 109-110. 3. Kavaler, p. 95-97. 4. Jassby, Alan. Spirulina: a model for microalgae as human food. Algae and Human 5. Affairs. Cambridge University Press, 1988, p. 152. 6. Jassby, p. 153. 7. Ciferri, Orio. Spirulina, the Edible Organism. Microbio. Reviews, Dec. 1983, p. 572. 8. Ciferri, p. 578. 9. Switzer, Larry. Spirulina, The Whole Food Revolution. Bantam, NY, 1982, p. 12.


2) Profil nutritionnel de la Spiruline
1. FDA Talk Paper, No. 41,160, June 23, 1981, US Food and Drug Admin. 2. Jassby, Alan. Nutritional and Therapeutic Properties of Spirulina. Proteus Corp, 1983. 3. Switzer, Larry. Spirulina, The Whole Food Revolution. Bantam, NY, 1982, p. 22. 4. Jassby, Alan. Nutritional and Therapeutic Properties of Spirulina. Proteus Corp., 1983. 5. The Complete Book of Vitamins and Minerals for Health. ed. by Prevention Magazine. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA, 1988, p. 149. 6. Jassby, Alan. Spirulina: a model for microalgae as human food. Algae and Human Affairs. Cambridge University Press,1988, p. 158. 7. Jassby, Alan. Nutritional and Therapeutic Properties of Spirulina. Proteus Corp. 1983. 8. Kataoka, N. and Misaki, A. Glycolipids isolated from spirulina maxima. Agric. Biol. Chem. 47 (10), 2349-2355, 1983. 9. Venkataraman, L.V. and Becker, E.W. Biotechnology & Utilization of Algae- The Indian Experience. Sharada Press, Mangalore, India, 1985, p 114-115. 10. Challem, Jack Joseph. Spirulina. A Good Health Guide. Keats Publishing, New Canaan CT, 1981, p. 15. 11. Challem, p. 13. 12. Shimamatsu, H. Personal communication, May 8, 1989.


3) La Spiruline comme aliment fonctionnel
1. Switzer, Larry. Spirulina, The Whole Food Revolution. Bantam, NY, 1982. 2. Beasley, Sonia. The Spirulina Cookbook: Recipes for Rejuvenating the Body. University of the Trees Press, Boulder Creek, CA, 1981. 3. Howard, Saundra, Dr. The Spirulina Diet. Lyle Stuart, Secacus NJ, 1982. 4. Byrne, Kevin, MD. Cut Your Cholesterol- Now! Self Care, Nov.-Dec. 1988, p. 27-31. 5. Mckenna, Jeffrey and Shea, John. Americans are beginning to get NCI's cancer prevention message. FDA Consumer, Apr.1988, p. 22. 6. National Research Council. Diet, Nutrition and Cancer. National Academy Press, Washington DC, 1982. 7. Switzer, Larry. Spirulina, The Whole Food Revolution. Bantam Books, NY, 1982, p. 39. 8. Hills, Christopher, Phd. Rejuvenating the Body Through Fasting With Spirulina Plankton. Univ. of the Trees, Boulder Creek, CA, 1979, p. 9. 9. Hills, p. 22. 10. Switzer, Larry. Spirulina, The Whole Food Revolution. Bantam, NY, 1982, p. 40. 11. Gray, Robert. The Colon Health Handbook. New Health Through Colon Regeneration. 11th Ed. Emerald Publishing, PO Box 11830, Reno NV, 1986, p. 13. 12. Gray, p. 36-7. 13. Gray, p. 40. 14. Spirulina: For a high intensity workout. Flex, Sep. 1984, p. 61. 15. Bellows, Robert. Spirulina: Nature's Magic Algae. Muscle and Fitness, 1983, p 83-4. 16. Garcia, A.M. Spirulina makes me ten times stronger, like spinach for Popeye. Gramme International. Sep. 96. p. 11. 17. Spirulina & Pregnancy. Body & Soul. Vol. VIII, No.13, p. 8. 18. Spirulina for Nursing Mothers. Ballarpur Industries, Ltd., Thapur House, 124, Janpath, New Delhi, India. 19. Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Inc. Customer Survey, 1988. 20. Nutrition of the Future: Foods that Fight Aging. Business Week, Oct. 9, 1988, 125-6.


4) Le point sur les dernières recherches scientifiques
1. Nayaka, N. et al. Cholesterol lowering effect of spirulina. Tokai Univ, Japan. Nutrition 2. Reports Int'l, June 1988, Vol 37, No. 6, 1329-1337. Nakaya, N. Effect of spirulina on 3. reduction of serum cholesterol. Tokai Univ. Progress in Med. Nov. 1986, Vol 6, No. 11. 4. Becker, E.W. et al. Clinical and biochemical evaluations of spirulina with regard to its 5. application in the treatment of obesity. Inst. Chem. Pfanz. Nutrition Reports 6. International, April 1986, Vol. 33, No. 4, p. 565. 7. Devi, M.A. and Venkataraman, L.V. Hypocholesterolemic effect of blue-green algae 8. spirulina platensis in albino rats. Nutrition Reports International, 1983, 28:519-530. 9. Kato, T. and Takemoto, K. Effects of spirulina on hypercholesterolemia and fatty liver in 10. rats. Saitama Med. College, Japan. Japan Nutr Foods Assoc. Jour. 1984, 37:321. 11. Iwata, K. et al. Effects of spirulina on plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in rats. Journal 12. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 1990, 36:165-171. 13. Peto, R. et al. Can dietary beta carotene materially reduce human cancer rates? 14. Nature, 1981, 290:201-208. 15. Shekelle, R.B. et al. Dietary Vitamin A and risk of cancer in the Western Electric study. 16. Lancet, 1981, 8257: 1185-1189. 17. Menkes, et al. Serum beta carotene, vitamins A and E, selenium, and the risk of lung 18. cancer. Johns Hopkins. N.E. Journal of Medicine, Nov. 1986, p. 1250. 19. Blot, William. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Sept. 15, 1993. 20. National Research Council. Diet, Nutrition and Cancer. National Academy Press, 21. Washington DC, 1982. 22. Ben Amotz, A. Presentation to Polysaccharides from microalgae workshop, Duke University, 1987. 23. Schwartz, J., Scklar, G., Suda, D. Inhibition of experimental oral carcinogenesis by topical beta carotene. Harvard School of Dental Med. Carcinogenesis, May 1986, 7(5) 711-715. 24. Schwartz, J., Scklar, G., Suda, D. Growth, inhibition and destruction of oral cancer cells by extracts from spirulina. Cancer & Nutrition, 6/88. 25. Babu, M. et al. Evaluation of chemoprevention of oral cancer with spirulina. Nutrition and Cancer V. 24, No. 2, p.197-202, 1995. 26. Iijima, N., Shimamatsu, H., et al. (inventors; Dainippon Ink & Chemicals assignee). Anti-tumor agent and method of treatment therewith. US patent pending, ref. P1150-726-A82679, App. 15 Sep. 1982. 27. Dainippon Ink & Chemicals and Tokyo Kenkyukai (inventors and assignee). Anti-tumoral agents containing phycobilin- also used to treat ulcers and hemorrhoidal bleeding. 1983, JP 58065216 A 830418. 28. Zhang Cheng-Wu, et. al. Effects of polysaccharide and phycocyanin from spirulina on peripheral blood and hematopoietic system of bone marrow in mice. Second Asia-Pacific Conf. Ibid, April, 1994. 29. Besednova, T. et. al. Immunostimulating activity of lipopolysaccharides in blue-green algae. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, Immunobiologii, 56 (12), p. 75-79. 1979. 30. Baojiang, G. et. al. Study on effect and mechanism of Polysaccharides of spirulina onbody immune function improvement. Second Asia-Pacific Conference on AlgalBiotechnology. Singapore, April, 1994, p. 24. 31. Zhang Cheng-Wu, et. al. Effects of polysaccharide and phycocyanin from spirulina on peripheral blood and hematopoietic system of bone marrow in mice. Second Asia Pacific Conf. Ibid, April, 1994. 32. Qishen, P. et. al. Endonuclease activity and repair DNA synthesis by polysaccharide of spirulina. Acta Genetica Sinica (Chinese J. of Genetics). V.15(5) p. 374-381. 1988. 33. Lisheng, L. et. al. Inhibitive effect and mechanism of polysaccharide of spirulina on transplanted tumor cells in mice. Marine Sciences, Qindao, China. N.5, 1991, p.33-38. 34. Qureshi, M. et al. Spirulina extract enhances chicken macrophage functions after in vitro exposure. J. Nutritional Immunology, V.3(4) 1995, p. 35-45. 35. Qureshi, M. et al. Dietary spirulina enhances humoral and cell-mediated immune functions in chickens. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, 1996 (submitted). 36. Qureshi, M. et al. spirulina exposure enhances macrophage phagocytic function in cats. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, 1996 (submitted). 37. Belay, A., Henson, R., Ota, Y. Potential Pharmaceutical Substances from Aquaculturally Produced Spirulina. Earthrise Farms, Calipatria CA. Presented to World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans. Jan. 1994. 38. Gustafson K, et al. AIDS-Antiviral sufolipids from cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). Journal of the National Cancer Institute, August 16, 1989, p 1254. 39. Kataoka, N. and Misaki, A. Glycolipids isolated from spirulina maxima: structure and fatty acid composition. Agric. Biol. Chem. 47 (10), 2349-2355, 1983. 40. Venkataraman, L.V. and Becker, E.W. Biotechnology & Utilization of Algae- The Indian Experience. Sharada Press, Mangalore, India, 1985, p 114-115. Boyd, M, Gustafson, K. et al. Cyanovirin-N, a novel HIV-inactivating protein that targets viral GP120. Am. Soc. of Pharmacognosy, UC Santa Cruz. July 27-31, 1996. 41. Yamane, Y. The effect of spirulina on nephrotoxicity in rats. Presented at Annual Sym. of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan, Apr. 15, 1988, Chiba Univ, Japan. 42. Fukino, H. et al. Effect of spirulina on the renal toxicity induced by inorganic mercury and cisplatin. Eisei Kagaku. 1990, 36:5. 43. Morita, T. et al. Effect of chlorella, spirulina and chlorophyllin on fecal excretion of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins in rats. Fukuouka Institute of Health and Environmental Studies. Japan Journal Toxicology Environ. Health. 43 (1) 42-47 1997. 44. Takai, Y. et al. Effect of water soluble and insoluble fractions of spirulina over serum lipids and glucose resistance of rats. J. Jap. Soc. Nutr. Food Sci. 1991, 44: 273-277. 45. Iwata, K. et al. Effects of spirulina on plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in rats. Journal Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 1990, 36:165-171. 46. Tokai, Y., et al. Effects of spirulina on caecum content in rats. Chiba Hygiene College Bulletin (Japan), Feb. 1987, Vol. 5, no. 2. 47. Archer, D.L. and Glinsmann, W.H. Intestinal infection and malnutrition initiate AIDS. US FDA. Nutrition Research, 1985. 5:19-19. Archer, D.L. and Glinsmann, W.H. Enteric infections and other cofactors in AIDS. Immunology Today, 1985, Vol. 6, no.10. 48. Clement, G. et al. (inventors; Institute Francais de Petrol, assignee.) Wound treating medicaments containing algae. Fr. M. 5279 (Int. Cl. A61k), 11 Sep. 1967. 49. Yoshida, R. (inventor). Spirulina hydrolyzates for cosmetic packs. Japan. Kokai 77 31, 838 (Int. Cl. A61k7100), 10 Mar. 1977. 50. Martinez-Nadal, N.G. Antimicrobial activity of spirulina. Paper presented at X Intl Cong. of Microbiology, Mexico City, Aug. 1970. 51. Jorjani, G., Amirani, P. Antibacterial activities of spirulina platensis. Maj. Iimy Puz.Danisk.Jundi Shap, 1978, 1:14-18. 52. Ramos Galvan, R. Clinical experimentation with spirulina. Colloque sur la valeur nutritionelle des algues spirulines, Rueill, May 1973. Nat. Inst. of Nutrition, Mexico City. 53. Sautier, C. and Tremolieres, J. Food value of spirulina in humans. Ann. Nutrition Alim, 1976, 30:517-534. (French). 54. Fox, Ripley D. Village health and energy system, Farende, Togo. April 4,1986 letter. Fox, R. D. Algoculture: Spirulina, hope for a hungry world. Pub. by Edisud, France, 1986. 55. Seshadri, C.V. Large Scale Nutritional Supplementation with spirulina alga. All India Project. Shri Amm Murugappa Chettiar Research Center (MCRC) Madras. 1993. 56. Annapurna, V. et al. Bioavailability of spirulina carotenes in preschool children. National Institute of Nutrition. Hyderabad, India. J. Clin. Biochem Nutrition. 10 p. 145-151. 1991. 57. Fica, V. et al. Observations on the utilization of spirulina as an adjuvant nutritive factor in treating some diseases accompanied by a nutritional deficiency. Clinica II Medicala, Spitalui Clinic Municipiului, Bucuresti. Med Interna 36 (3), 1984. 58. Miao Jian Ren. Spirulina in Jiangxi China. Academy of Agricultural Science, Jiangxi province, China. Paper presented at Soc. Appl. Algology, Lille, France, Sep. 1987. 59. Yonghuang, W. et al. The study on curative effect of zinc containing spirulina for zinc deficient children. Shenzhen Blue-Green Algal Biotech. Corp, Guangdong. CapitalMedical College, Beijing, 5th Int’l Phycological Congress, Qingdao, China. June 1994. 60. Johnson P., Shubert, E. Availability of iron to rats from spirulina, a blue-green alga. Nutrition Research, 1986, Vol. 6, 85-94. 61. Takemoto, K. Iron transfer from spirulina to blood in rats. Saitama Med. Col., Japan, 1982. 62. Takeuchi, T. Clinical experiences of administration of spirulina to patients with hypochronic anemia. Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ., Japan, 1978. 63. Trojacanec, Z. et al. Influence of extensive training on the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin level and its correction. Inst. Med. Physiology, Skopje, Macedonia. Pub in XXIV FIMS World Congress of Sports Medicine, June 1998. 64. Jassby, Alan. Nutritional and Therapeutic Properties of Spirulina. Proteus Corp. 1983. 65. Tudge, C. Why we all need the evening primrose. New Scientist, Nov. 1981, 506:23. 66. Kunkel, S.L. et al. Suppression of chronic inflammation by evening primrose oil. Progress in Lipids, 1982, Vol. 20, p. 885-888. 67. Kernoff, P.B.A, et al. Antithrombotic potential of DGLA. Brit Med. J., 1977, 2:1441-1444. 68. Vadaddi, K.S., Horrobin, D.F. Weight loss produced by evening primrose oil administration. IRSC Med. Sci., 1979, 7:52. 69. Huang, Y.S. et al. Most biological effects of zinc deficiency corrected by GLA. Atheroscelosis, 1982, 41:193-208. 70. Horrobin, D.F. The possible roles of prostaglandin E1 and of essential fatty acids in mania, depression and alcoholism. Prog.in Lipids, 1981. Vol 20, 539-541. Horrobin, Loss of delta-6-desaturase activity in aging. Med. Hypotheses, 1981, 7:1211-1220. 71. Passwater, R.A. Evening Primrose Oil. Keats Publishing Co. New Canaan, CT, 1981. 72. Lopez-Romero, D. Gamma linolenic acid as a base of treatment for infirmities with evening primrose oil and spirulina. Med. Holistica, Madrid, Spain, 12 Oct. 1987. 73. Hudson and Karlis. The lipids of the alga spirulina. J. Sci Food Agric., 1974, 25: 759. 74. Nichols, B., Wood, B. The occurrence and biosynthesis of gamma linolenic acid in spirulina platensis. Lipids, 1986, Vol 3, No. 1, 46-50. 75. Roughhan, P. Grattan. Spirulina: A source of dietary gamma-linolenic acid? J. Sci. Food Agric., 1989, 47, 85-93. 76. Becker, E.W. et al. Clinical and biochemical evaluations of the alga spirulina with regard to its application in the treatment of obesity. Inst. Chem. Pfanzenphysiologie. Nutrition Reports International, April 1986, Vol. 33, No 4, 565. 77. Loseva, L.P. and Dardynskaya, I.V. Spirulina- natural sorbent of radionucleides. Research Institute of Radiation Medicine, Minsk, Belarus. Presented at the 6th Intl Congress of Applied Algology, Czech Republic, Sep. 9, 1993. 78. Sokolovskiy, V. Corres. from the First Sec. BSSR to the United Nations, May 20, 1991. 79. Belookaya, T. Correspondence from the Chairman of Byelorussian Committee "Children of Chernobyl" May 31, 1991. 80. Qishen, P. et. al. Radioprotective effect of extract from spirulina platensis in mouse bone marrow cells studied by using the micronucleus test. Toxicology letters. 1989. 48:165-169. 81. Evets, P. et. al. Means to normalize the levels of immunoglobulin E, using the food supplement spirulina. Grodenski State Medical Univ. Russian Federation Commitee of Patents and Trade. Patent (19)RU (11)2005486. Jan. 15, 1994. 82. Loseva, L. P. Spirulina platensis and specialties to support detoxifying pollutants and to strengthen the immune system. Research Inst. of Radiation Medicine, Minsk, Belarus. presented at 8th Int’l Congress Applied Algology, Italy. Sep. 1999.


5) La variété des produits spiruline dans le monde
1. A safe diet pill, You'll never go hungry. National Enquirer, June 1, 1981. 2. Henson, R. Health food for the Aquarium. Fresh and Marine Aquarium.1993. p 70-72. 3. Henson, R. Spirulina algae improves Japanese fish feeds. Aquaculture Magazine. 4. Nov/Dec 1990. V. 6 N.6. p 38-43. 5. Henson, R. Super-Foods for birds. American Cage-Bird Mag. April, 1993. p. 48-51. 6. Qureshi, M. et al. Immune enhancement potential of spirulina platensis in chickens. Dept. of Poultry Science, NC State Univ. Raleigh NC. Poultry Sci. Assoc, Aug. 1994. 7. Linablue-A (Natural blue colorant of spirulina origin) Technical Information. Dainippon 8. Ink & Chemicals, Tokyo, Japan, 1985. 9. Kronik, M. and Grossman, P. Immunoassay techniques with fluorescent 10. phycobiliprotein conjugates. Clin Chem., 1983, 29:9,1582-86. 11. A better way to track diseases. Chemical Week, August 31, 1985. 12. Kawamura, M. et al. 1986. A new restriction enzyme from spirulina platensis. Nucleic 13. Acids Research, 1986, Vol. 14, No. 5. 14. Shimamatsu, Hidenori. Personal communication, 1988. 15. Belay, A., Ota, Y. et al. Current knowledge on potential health benefits of spirulina. 16. Journal of Applied Phycology. 1993. 5:235-241.


6) Comment la Spiruline est cultivée écologiquement
1. Belay, A., Ota, Y. et al. Production of high quality spirulina at Earthrise Farms. Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Algal Biotech. Phang et al. eds. Univ. of Malaysia, 1994.. 2. Ding-Mei Li & Yu-Zao Qi. Spirulina Industry in China: Present Status and future prospects. Journal of Applied Phycology 9: 25-28, 1997. 3. Yuan-Kun Lee. Commercial production of microalgae in the Asia-Pacific rim. Journal of Applied Phycology, 29 Oct 1997. 4. Tredici, M. et. al. Novel photobioreactors for the mass cultivation of spirulina. Spirulina, Algae of Life. Bulletin de l'Institute Ocean. Monaco. N. special 12. April 1993. 5. Tomaselli, L. et al. Physiology of stress response in Spirulina. Spirulina, Algae of Life. 6. Microalgae S.p.a. Contrada Caselle. 74012 Crispiano (Ta) Italy. www.microalgae.it. 7. Addavita Ltd. Clay Cross Chesterfield Derbyshire S45 9NU UK. www.addavita.com. 8. Philippe Calamand, La Capitelle, 34700 Villecun, France.


7) Pour une politique alimentaire mondiale
1. Lappé, Frances Moore. Diet For a Small Planet. Ballantine, N.Y, 1982, p. 85. 2. Lappé, pg. 76. 3. Rediscovering Planet Earth. U.S. News and World Report. Oct 31, 1988, pg. 68. 4. Rainforest Action Network. 300 Broadway #28, San Fran, CA 94133. 5. Lappé, Frances Moore. Diet For a Small Planet. Ballantine Books, N.Y, 1982. 6. Robbins, John. Diet for a New America. Stillpoint Publishing, Walpole, NH, 1988. 7. Repetto, Robert, et. al. Wasting Assets. Natural Resources in the National Income Accounts. World Resources Institute. 1989. 8. California's thirstiest crops. Water Education Foundation. S.F. Chronicle, March 4, 1991. 9. Grantham, Richard. Seeking a biological solution for the greenhouse dilemma. Institut d'Evolution Moleculaire, Univ. Claude Bernard Lyon. Villeurbanne cedex, France, 1988. 10. Ota, Yochimichi. Earthrise Farms. Personal communication, 1988. 11. Antidote for a smokestack. Time Magazine. Oct. 24, 1988, p. 72. 12. Wolf, Edward C. Beyond the Green Revolution: New Approaches for Third World Agriculture. Worldwatch 73, Washington DC,1986, p. 9. 13. Gardner, Gary. Asia is losing ground. Worldwatch. Nov/Dec. 1996. Washington DC,1986, p. 20-21. 14. An assessment of the resource base that supports the global economy. World Resources Institute, Basic Books, New York, 1988, p. 4. 15. Lappé, F.M. Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1977. 16. The Hunger Project, 2015 Steiner St. San Francisco, CA, 94115. 17. Higgins, et. al. Potential population supporting capacities of lands in the developing world. Technical Report of Project FPA/INT/513. FAO, United Nations, Rome, 1983. 18. Postel, Sandra. Land's End. Worldwatch , May-June 1989, p. 13. 19. Gardner, Gary. Asia is losing ground. Worldwatch. Nov/Dec. 1996. Washington DC,1986, p. 19.


8) La Spiruline dans le monde en voie de développement
1. U.N. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Correspondance. June 8, 1993. 2. Switzer, Larry. Spirulina- The Whole Food Revolution. Bantam, NY, 1982, p.115-116. 3. Association Pour Combattre la Malnutrition par Algoculture (ACMA). A non-profit organization. 34190 St. Bauzille-de-Putois, France. 4. Fox, Ripley D. Algoculture: Spirulina, hope for a hungry world. Edisud, Aix-en Provence, France, 1986. (in French) 5. Fox, Ripley D. 1984. Spirulina- the alga that can end malnutrition. Futurist, Feb. 1985. 6. Seshadri, C.V. Large Scale Nutritional Supplementation with spirulina alga. All India Project. Shri Amm Murugappa Chettiar Research Center (MCRC) Madras. 1993. 7. Seshadri, C.V. and Jeeji Bai, N. Spirulina Nat. Sym.. MCRC, Madras, India 1992. 8. Becker, E.W. Development of Spirulina Research in India. Spirulina, Algae of Life. Bulletin de l'Institute Oceanographique. Monaco. N. Special 12. April 1993. p 141-155. 9. Min Thein. Production of Spirulina in Myanmar. Spirulina, Algae of Life. Bulletin de l'Institute Oceanographique. Monaco. N. Special 12. April 1993. p 175-178. 10. Fox, Denise. Health Benefits of Spirulina. Algae of Life. Bulletin de l'Institute Ocean.Monaco. N. Special 12. April 1993. p 179-186 11. Nguyen Lan Dinh. 1990. In Fox, Denise. Health Benefits of Spirulina. p 183. 12. Bucaille, P. 1990. In Fox, Denise . Health Benefits of Spirulina. p 183. 13. Picard, M.E. 1993. In Fox, Denise. Health Benefits of Spirulina. p 182. 14. Brouillat, E. 1993. In Fox, Denise. Health Benefits of Spirulina. p 182.


9) Le rôle des micro-algues pour reverdir la planète
1. Kavaler, Lucy. Green Magic: Algae Rediscovered. Thomas Crowell, NY, 1983, p. 60. 2. Oguchi, Mitsuo, et al. Food production and gas exchange system using blue-green algae (spirulina). National Aerospace Laboratory, Chofu, Japan. COSPAR, July, 1986. 3. Macelroy, R.D. and Smernoff, D.T. Controlled ecological life support systems. Proceedings of 26th COSPAR. Toulouse France, July, 1986. NASA TM 88215, 1987. 4. Robinson, K. S. A Colony in the sky. Mission to Mars. Time, Sept. 23, 1996. p.49. 5. Todd, Nancy Jack and Todd, John. Bioshelters, Ocean Arks and City Farming. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 1984, p. 118. 6. Todd, p. 155. 7. Fox, Ripley. Spirulina, production & potential. Edisud. Aix-en-Provence, France. 1996. 8. Jourdan, Jean-Paul. Cultivez Votre Spiruline - Manuel de Culture Artisanale de la 9. Spiruline. 1999. To order: Jean-Paul Jordan, Le Castanet, Mialet, 30140 Anduz, France. 10. Fax 33 04 66 85 02 39.(in French). Pub. by Antenna Technologie, 1999. 11. Jassby, Alan. Spirulina: a model for microalgae as human food. Algae and Human 12. Affairs, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988, p. 171. 13. Fox, Ripley. Spirulina, production & potential. Edisud. Aix-en-Provence, France. 1996. 14. Blue-green algae for rice production. FAO of the U.N. FAO Soils Bulletin. Rome, 1981. 15. Metting, Blaine. Micro-algae in agriculture. Micro-Algal Biotechnology, ed. by 16. Bororwitzka. Cambridge Univ., Cambridge, U.K., 1988. 17. Grantham, Richard. Seeking a biological solution for the greenhouse dilemma. Institut 18. d'Evolution Moleculaire, Univ. Claude Bernard Lyon, Villeurbanne cedex, France.1988. 19. Perlman, David. Scientists turn ocean into green new world. San Francisco. 20. Chronicle, Oct. 10, 1996, p. A2 21. Lovelock, James. The Ages of Gaia. W.W. Norton & Co. Inc., N.Y. 1988, p. 179. 22. Carol Cone, Cone Comm. Cone/Roper Survey. Business for Social Responsibility 23. Corporate Social Responsibility. 1030 15th St. NW, Washington, DC. April, 1994. 24. Capra, Fritjof. The Web of Life. Anchor Books Doubleday. New York 1996. 25. Hawken, Paul, Amory & L. Hunter Lovins. Natural Capitalism. Little Brown, NY. 1999.


Standards de qualité de la Spiruline
1. Delpeuch, F. et. al. Consumption as food and nutritional composition of blue-green algae among populations in the Kanem region of Chad. Ann. Nutr. Aliment. 29, 497-516. 1976. 2. IFP. Rapport ou Comité Consultatif des Protéines OAA/ OMS/ FISE- Etat d'Avancement du Procede IFP de Production d'algues Dec 1970, p. 11. 3. Fadoul, L. Les algues bleues du Kanem. Rapport de mission par L. Fadoul, A. Avrem et G. Le Guedes (experts de la division de la nutrition, FAO) Juin 1971. 4. Takemoto, K. Subacute toxicity study with rats. Saitama Medical College, Japan, 1982. 5. Atatsuka, K. Acute toxicity and general pharmacological studies. Meiji College of Pharmacy, Japan,1979. 6. Chamorro-Cevallos, G. Toxicological research on the alga spirulina. UNIDO, 24 Oct. 1980, UF/MEX/78/048. (French) 7. Becker, W. E., Vanattaraman, L.V. et al. Production and utilization of the blue-green algae Spirulina in India. Biomass, 4, 105-125, 1984. 8. Chamorro, G. et al. Subchronic toxicity study in rats fed Spirulina. J. de Pharmacie de Belgique 43, 29-36, 1988. 9. Salazar, M., Chamorro, G. et al. Effect of spirulina consumption on reproduction and peri- and postnal development in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicity 34, 353-359. 1996. 10. Waslein, C. et al. Uric acid levels in men fed algae and yeast as protein sources. J. Food. Sci. 1970, 35, 294-8. 11. Jassby, Alan. Spirulina: a model for microalgae as human food. Algae and Human Affairs, Cambridge Univ Press, 1988, p. 159. 12. Boudene, C. et al. Evaluation of long term toxicity on rats with spirulina. Ann Nutr. Aliment., 1976, 30: 577-588. 13. Til, H.P, and Williams, M. Sub-chronic toxicity study with dried algae in rats. Cent. Inst. for Nutrition and Food Research, Zeist, Ned., 1971. 14. Fevrier, C. and Seve, B. Incorporation of spirulina into pig diets. Ann. Nur. Aliment., 1976, 29: 625-30 (French). 15. Earthrise Farms. Five year testing of heavy metals in spirulina, 1983-1987. 1988. 16. Carmichael, W.W. The toxins of Cyanobacteria. Sci. American, Jan. 1994, p. 78-86. 17. An, J., and Carmichael, W.W. Technical Booklet for the Microalgae Biomass Industry: Detection of microcystins and nodularins using an enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and a protein phosphate inhibition assay (PPIA). Wayne State Univ, Dayton OH. 1996.



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